Meetings, Presentations, Commemorations

The Legacy and the Promise: 150 Years of Land-Grant Universities

The Nittany Lion Inn, University Park
June 22- 24, 2011
  • Wednesday, June 22, 2011

    6:00-9:00 p.m. Registration
    7:00-9:00 p.m. Welcome Reception for Participants

    Thursday, June 23, 2011

  • 7:30 a.m. Continental Breakfast
    7:30-8:30 a.m. Registration
    8:30-8:45 a.m. Welcoming Remarks
    8:50-10:30 a.m.

    Launching the Land-Grant Colleges

    1. Chair and Comment, W. Bruce Leslie, SUNY Brockport
    2. Adam Nelson, University of Wisconsin, Scientific Foundations of Agricultural Research Before 1862
    3. Roger L. Williams and Peter Moran, Penn State, Saving the Land-Grant for the Agricultural College of Pennsylvania
    4. Susan Richardson, Independent Scholar, Negotiating the Land-grant, Texas Style
    5. Christian Anderson, University of South Carolina, Land Grant and Racial Politics in South Carolina
    10:45-12:15 p.m.

    Who Attended the Early Land-Grant Colleges, and Why

    1. Chair, Roger L. Williams
    2. Gregory Behle, The "Sons of Toil," Illinois Industrial University, 1868
    3. Nathan Sorber, Penn State, Student Careers and the Transformation of Land-Grant Universities in New England
    4. Comment, Alan Marcus, Mississippi State University
    12:15-1:30 p.m. Lunch
    1:30-2:45 p.m.

    From Land-Grant Colleges to Research Universities

    1. Chair and Comment, Roger L. Geiger, Penn State
    2. Greg Zieren, Austin Peay State University, Robert H. Thurston, Modern Engineering Education and its Diffusion Through Land-Grant Universities
    3. Winton Solberg, University of Illinois, President Edmund James and the University of Illinois: Transforming the Land-Grant College into a Genuine University
    3:00-4:15 p.m.

    Institutional Visions for 20th Century Land Grant Universities

    1. Lester Goodchild, Chair and Comment
    2. Jane Robbins, Ralph Hetzel and the Development of Penn State College
    3. Jackie Esposito, Postwar Liberal Arts at Penn State College
    4. Ethan Schrum, Social Science and the Land Grant Mission in Clark Kerr’s Design For UC Irvine
    4:30-5:30 p.m.

    Agriculture Extension in the 1930s and the 21st Century

    1. Chair: Bruce A. McPheron, Dean, College of Agriculture, Penn State
    2. Christopher Loss, Vanderbilt University, Agriculture Extension and the New Deal
    3. George R. McDowell, Virginia Tech, Land Grant Universities and Extension in the 21st Century: A Re-evaluation
    6:00 p.m. Light Reception
    7:00 p.m. BANQUET
    Peter McPherson, President, Association of Public and Land-Grant Universities

    Friday, June 24, 2011

  • 7:30 a.m. Continental Breakfast
    9:00-10:30 a.m.

    Engaged Scholarship and the Land-grant Mission in the 21st Century

    1. Theodore Alter, Penn State, Chair and Comment
    2. Hiram Fitzgerald, Michigan State University, Higher Education's Proactive Response to Growing Community Involvement and Diminished Public Funding
    3. Samuel Cordes, Purdue University, Is It a Bridge Too Far?
    10:45-12:00 p.m.

    Interpreting the Land Grant Movement, Mission, or Story

    1. Donald Heller, Penn State, Chair and Comment
    2. Scott J. Peters, Cornell University, Storying and Re-Storying the Land-Grant System and Mission
    3. David Baker, Shannon Symthe Fleishman, Yuan Luo, Penn State, Educational Pathways of Doctoral Recipients, Land Grant Universities in the 20th Century
    12:15-1:45 p.m. Luncheon Speaker: President Graham Spainer
    1:45-2:45 p.m. Concluding Panel: Connecting the Legacy with the Promise

Annual Meeting of the American Chemical Society, History of Chemistry Session, Philadelphia, August 20, 2012

    • Session: Celebrating the Sesquicentennial of the Land Grant College Act (Morning Session)
    • Presenter:
      1. Dwaine Eubanks
      3. Department of Chemistry
      4. Clemson University
      5. Clemson, SC 29534, United States
    • Paper Title: Thomas Green Clemson, Early Advocate for Applying Science to Agriculture
    • Abstract: Thomas Green Clemson was appointed Superintendent of Agriculture in 1860. There he promoted his passion for applying scientific principles in agriculture and for establishing agricultural colleges. Clemson was a highly regarded agricultural chemist. He strongly supported the Morrill Act, which granted Federal land to the states to establish agricultural colleges, except that those states in rebellion were excluded. Following the Civil War, southern states were allowed to participate, and Clemson ceded his plantation to the state of South Carolina to establish an agricultural college. Clemson was a strong believer in educating farmers in the application of scientific practice; the college supported a vigorous extension service. South Carolina Congressman Asbury Lever teamed with Senator Hoke Smith of Georgia to pass a 1914 bill establishing agricultural extension at land-grant colleges. The many twists and turns from advocacy to actualization provide insight into the politics of agricultural policy.
    • Session: Celebrating the Sesquicentennial of the Land Grant College Act (Morning Session)
    • Presenter:
      1. Robert E Maleczka
      3. Department of Chemistry
      4. Michigan State University
      5. East Lansing, Michigan 48824, United States
    • Paper Title: "No one was Killed or Seriously Hurt in the Process": Chemistry During the Early Days of Michigan State University, the Pioneer Land-Grant University
    • Abstract: In 1850, Michigan's State Agricultural Society petitioned the State Legislature for an agricultural college. With State finances tight, the Legislature turned to the Congress of the United States and asked for a grant of 350,000 acres to foster agricultural education in Michigan. This unprecedented request helped to establish a model for the national education revolution that would be set in motion by the founding of the Agricultural College of Michigan in 1855 and ultimately the Morrill Land-Grant College Acts. The first class of the Agricultural College of Michigan, which in time would be renamed Michigan State University, were taught "thorough and practical" chemistry in a chemical laboratory that was "inferior to few in the country." This early history of MSU chemistry during the time of the Morrill Land-Grant College Acts will be presented.
    • Session: Celebrating the Sesquicentennial of the Land Grant College Act (Morning Session)
    • Presenter:
      1. Kristen A. Yarmey
      3. Weinberg Memorial Library
      4. University of Scranton
      5. Scranton, Pennsylvania 18510, United States
    • Paper Title: Evan Pugh, Chemical Education, and the Fight for Pennsylvania's Land Grant Designation
    • Abstract: In 1863, Pennsylvania's General Assembly passed legislation naming the Agricultural College of Pennsylvania (later the Pennsylvania State University) as the sole beneficiary of the state's Morrill Land Grant, a designation which was desperately needed to fund the College's growing success and to fulfill the broad visions of its president, agricultural chemist Evan Pugh. However, other institutions in the state quickly contested the designation, seeking their own share of the grant despite their more traditional, classical curricula. Combined with the untimely death of Evan Pugh in 1864, this uncertainty and delay over land grant funding hobbled the College and particularly its scientific course of education for years to come. Framed within the evolving context of 19th century chemical education, this case study of Evan Pugh and the fight for Pennsylvania's land grant designation demonstrates the difficulties chemical educators faced in bringing their science to a broader audience of students.
    • Session: Celebrating the Sesquicentennial of the Land Grant College Act (Morning Session)
    • Presenter:
      1. Andrew Goudy
      3. Department of Chemistry
      4. Delaware State University
      5. Dover, Delaware 19901, United States
    • Paper Title: Delaware State University and the Second Morrill Act of 1890
    • Abstract: The State College for Colored Students, now known as Delaware State University, was established May 15, 1891 by the Delaware General Assembly under the provisions of the Morrill Act of 1890. Five (5) courses of study leading to a baccalaureate degree were offered: Agricultural, Chemical, Classical, Engineering, and Scientific. In 1944 the College received provisional accreditation by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools and in 1947 the name of the institution was changed to Delaware State College. On July 1, 1993, Delaware State College turned another chapter in its history, when then Governor Thomas Carper signed a name change into law, renaming the College to Delaware State University. Over the years the University has grown in stature as a center for teaching, research, and public service. The University currently offers fifty-six (56) undergraduate degrees, including Chemistry (which is approved by the ACS). It also offers twenty-two (22) master's degrees and five (5) doctoral degrees. The Chemistry department now offers MS and PhD degrees in Applied Chemistry. Dr. Harriet Williams was a symbol of excellence in chemistry and education at DSU. She attended preparatory school at Delaware State and graduated with the first class to receive bachelor's degrees in 1934. She returned to Delaware State in 1946 to teach chemistry and she later served as Chair of the department for 35 years. An overview of the past and present state of the University, the Chemistry department, and Dr. Harriet William's contributions will be presented.
    • Session: Celebrating the Sesquicentennial of the Land Grant College Act (Morning Session)
    • Presenter:
      1. Mark A. Griep
      3. Department of Chemistry
      4. University of Nebraska-Lincoln
      5. Lincoln, NE 68588-0304, United States
    • Paper Title: Second Woman ACS Member, Dr. Rachel Lloyd, Met First Woman ACS Member, Rachel Bodley, before either was a Member
    • Abstract: Dr. Rachel Lloyd was the first woman to earn a PhD in chemistry, to become a Professor of Analytic Chemistry, and to be regularly admitted into ACS. Her selection for a faculty position in 1887 at the University of Nebraska was made possible in part because it was a Land Grant institution. She carried out her research in beet sugar agriculture and analysis using some of the earliest funds from the Hatch Act. Prior to all of that, she attended eight years of the Harvard Summer Courses in botany and then chemistry while continually improving her occupations. In about 1875, she met Rachel Bodley, who would become an ACS charter member. Lloyd later became the first regularly admitted female member. At the University of Nebraska, Lloyd inspired both young women and men to become chemists so that the ACS Nebraska local section had more women participants than any other.
    • Session: Celebrating the Sesquicentennial of the Land Grant College Act (Afternoon Session)
    • Presenter:
      1. Paul R Jones
      3. Department of Chemistry
      4. University of Michigan
      5. Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1055, United States
    • Paper Title: Implementation of the Morrill Act in New Hampshire
    • Abstract: With the passing of the land-grant bill (The Morrill Act) by the U.S. Congreess in 1862, the New Hampshire Legislature responded quickly in 1866 with the approval of an enabling act. By 1868 the New Hampshire College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts had been organized and was led by a chemist, Ezekiel Dimond. Chemistry instruction, a strong component of the program from the outset, included the requirement of original research. The first bachelor's theses were written in 1893; master's theses appeared by 1906; and the first Ph.D.s in chemistry were granted in 1958. Originally located in Hanover on the Dartmouth College campus, the institution was moved to Durham in 1893 and became the University of New Hampshire in 1923.
    • Session: Celebrating the Sesquicentennial of the Land Grant College Act (Afternoon Session)
    • Presenter:
      1. Seth C. Rasmussen
      3. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
      4. North Dakota State University
      5. Fargo, ND 58108, United States
    • Paper Title: Education on the prairie: Early history of North Dakota State University
    • Absract: North Dakota became a state in 1889, which then made it eligible under the Morrill Act of 1862 to establish a land-grant educational institution that would provide a "liberal and practical education of the industrial classes...". As a result, the North Dakota Agricultural College (NDAC) was formally founded in Fargo on October 15, 1890. Edwin Fremont Ladd was hired as the second faculty member of NDAC and appointed Professor of Chemistry in 1890. As the founding member of the Chemistry Department, Ladd was its guiding spirit from 1890 until his advancement to University President in 1916. During this time, the Chemistry department was a leading force in the growth and development of NDAC and many of the current academic departments were originally part of Chemistry. An overview of the early history of the University, the Chemistry department, and Ladd's contributions will be presented.
    • Session: Celebrating the Sesquicentennial of the Land Grant College Act (Afternoon Session)
    • Presenter:
      1. Roger A. Egolf
      3. Lehigh Valley Campus
      4. Pennsylvania State University
      5. Center Valley, PA 18034, United States
    • Paper Title: Justin Smith Morrill and the Land-Grant College Act of 1862
    • Abstract: Justin Smith Morrill of Vermont was a son of the working class who could not afford a college education. He was elected to the House of Representatives in 1854 and soon became known as a strong advocate for public funding of higher education, specifically in the fields of agricultural and the mechanical arts. He first sponsored a bill to fund the establishment of state colleges through federal land grants in 1857 and succeeded in getting his bill passed in 1858, but President Buchanan vetoed it. He was finally successful in getting his bill passed again and signed by President Lincoln in 1862. This paper will examine the career of Justin Morrill and the history of the battle to pass this historic act of Congress that we are celebrating in this symposium.
    • Session: Celebrating the Sesquicentennial of the Land Grant College Act (Afternoon Session)
    • Presenter:
      1. Vera V Mainz
      3. Unaffiliated
      4. Urbana, IL 61802, United States
    • Paper Title: University of Illinois and the Morrill Act
    • Abstract: The Morrill Land Grant College Act, passed in 1862, enabled the state of Illinois to found the Illinois Industrial University in Urbana in 1867. In addition to the required education in agriculture, engineering and military tactics, the first President of the University, Dr. John Milton Gregory, believed that the function of the University should be much broader and include courses in other branches of learning, specifically those we now associate with the Liberal Arts. Chemistry courses were part of the curriculum from the beginning. In 186,8 then President Gregory declared in his first annual report, "It is especially important that an appropriation should be made to fit up, at once, a chemical laboratory." This was at a time when only a handful of American institutions had even rudimentary chemical laboratory space. This talk will discuss how the study of chemistry prospered at the University of Illinois (the name was changed in 1885). Without the Morrill Act, the state of Illinois might have waited many years for the birth of the institution which has since become one of the greatest public universities in the country.
    • Session: Celebrating the Sesquicentennial of the Land Grant College Act (Afternoon Session)
    • Presenter:
      1. Joseph S. Francisco
      3. Purdue University
      4. West Lafayette, IN 47907, United States
    • Paper Title: Relevance of the Morrill Act in Current Challenges to Undergraduate and Graduate Chemistry Programs
    • Abstract: The makeup of the student population has changed. International students over the years have steadily increased in graduate programs, but the numbers are beginning to show an increased presence in undergraduate programs. Most of the growth in enrollment in science graduate programs has resulted from the enrollment of international students. Domestic undergraduate students make up about a quarter of the students enrolled in graduate schools, and the increases are from women and underrepresented minority groups. About half of the students enrolled in doctoral programs in chemistry drop out before graduation. The challenge is in retaining those students. While universities have focused on preparing the next generation of researchers, the harsh reality is that these students are challenged in finding employment. A fundamental question that needs to be addressed is whether current academic preparation in chemistry addresses a national need. Accelerated technological, environmental, societal and financial drivers continue to push the chemical enterprise worldwide, and chemists working in it, to increasingly think and collaborate globally. These drivers are beginning to impact academia. This presentation will examine whether the intent and spirit of the Morrill Act still has relevance in the current climate of current challenges to the chemical enterprise and chemical education.

Annual Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Presidential Session, Philadelphia, August 21, 2012

    • Session: 150 Years of Chemistry at Land Grant Institutions: The Past as Prelude to the Future
    • Presenter:
      1. Stephen Weininger
      3. Worcester Polytechnic Institute
      4. United States
    • Paper Title: Chemical Laboratory Instruction, Democratic Ideals, and Mass Education in Midwestern Land-Grant Colleges, 1870-1914
    • Abstract: The inclusion of laboratory exercises for undergraduate students was a major innovation in 19th-century chemical pedagogy. This program reached the US from Liebig's laboratory in mid-century via German-trained American instructors and translated laboratory manuals. It was particularly welcomed in the new, democratically-minded mid-western land-grant colleges. These colleges initially had small enrollments, underprepared students and a lack of many material and human resources. The Liebig laboratory program therefore underwent substantial modification, especially after college enrollments began to soar around 1890. Using data from representative institutions, I will describe how homegrown lab manuals and modified curricula accommodated changing local circumstances. Most land-grant institutions were coeducational when founded or soon thereafter. Their strong emphasis on science meant that female and male students studied science together, at least in beginning subjects. The talk will conclude with a brief overview of the numbers and career pathways of the early women students and alumnae.
    • Session: 150 Years of Chemistry at Land Grant Institutions: The Past as Prelude to the Future
    • Presenter:
      1. Alan Marcus
      3. Mississippi State University
      4. United States
    • Paper Title: Chemistry under the Morrill Act: Agency through Service
    • Abstract: The Morrill Act was to open higher education to the vast mass of American citizens. Most land grants initially offered a broad spectrum of courses but agriculture quickly dominated. College chemists initially found favor by aiding farmers. They analyzed fertilizers to guarantee quality and milk for butterfat content. These technical successes established chemists as vital and led states and the federal government to support original chemical/life-science experiments. A varied agenda emerged: soil chemistry, vitamins, pharmaceuticals, principles of nutrition, chemotherapy and antibiosis. By the 1920s, the integration of chemistry within the land grant nexus was complete and most land grants formed free standing chemistry departments.
    • Session: 150 Years of Chemistry at Land Grant Institutions: The Past as Prelude to the Future
    • Presenter:
      1. Mark Finlay
      3. Armstrong Atlantic State University
      4. United States
    • Paper Title: Chemurgy and Biotechnology at the Land Grant Colleges: Bridging Agriculture, Industry, and Chemistry in the 1930s and Beyond
    • Abstract: Since the origins of the Morrill Act, land grant scientists have engaged in multiple strategies to connect agriculture with the mechanical arts. Following a long history of agricultural chemistry in service to farmers, the "chemurgy" movement emerged in the 1930s as an explicit effort to have land grant chemists and chemical engineers work in the service of industry. "Chemurgists" sought and promoted the industrial of use of agricultural raw materials on the macro-level, such as motor fuel from corn and Jerusalem artichokes, starch from sweet potatoes, plastics from sawmill wastes, and much more. Although the chemurgy movement faded as the economic and wartime crises of the 1930s and 1940s passed, the search for industrial applications of biobased materials continued, focused in the postwar era on the micro-level search for valuable components within farm products. As the current passion for biotechnology suggests, efforts to build bridges between agriculture and science and industry have continued into the twenty-first century.
    • Session: 150 Years of Chemistry at Land Grant Institutions: The Past as Prelude to the Future
    • Presenter:
      1. Robert W. Seidel
      3. University of Minnesota
      4. United States
    • Paper Title: Catalyst or Synthesis? The Rise of Chemical Engineering in the Land Grant College System
    • Abstract: Chemical engineering originated in land-grant colleges in the early 20th century as a result of the recognition of the need for trained personnel in the nascent chemical industry of the United States. MIT, Purdue, Minnesota, Wisconsin and other land-grant colleges initiated contacts with leading firms in that industry, imported techniques using consulting, interning, and other forms of personnel exchange to import knowledge which they then disseminated outside of industrial channels. Among the most important patrons of chemical engineering were members of the DuPont family and George Eastman at MIT, although local industries and agricultural interests fostered innovation in many other land-grant colleges where the new discipline was instituted. The rise of the car culture stimulated others to seize upon petroleum as the process of choice for the renovation of their departments. Chemical engineering escaped its industrial captivity when it became a true engineering science in the 1950s, after the development of new technologies in the government sector during World War II put a greater premium on mathematics and the physical sciences. The prestige of the discipline suffered, however, when Bhopal and other industrial disasters discredited international conglomerates like Union Carbide.
    • Session: 150 Years of Chemistry at Land Grant Institutions: The Past as Prelude to the Future
    • Presenter:
      1. Amy Bix
      3. Iowa State University
      4. United States
    • Paper Title: Chemistry, Cooking, Animal Science, and Airplanes: Women in Land-Grant Science and Engineering
    • Abstract: American education in science and engineering has a gendered history. Nineteenth-century women's colleges graduated scores of chemistry, biology, and other science majors, but female employment and professional advancement remained limited. Before WWII, schools such as Princeton, Caltech, and Georgia Tech remained primarily all-male. Many in American society considered it inappropriate or odd for women to pursue science seriously. But at land-grant colleges, female faculty developed pioneering home-economics programs, where ideals of domesticity justified teaching women chemistry, physics, nutrition, household-technology. Botany, veterinary medicine, and other land-grant departments gradually opened doors to women. A handful of early-twentieth-century women even entered engineering at Purdue, Iowa State, Cornell, Minnesota, California, and other land-grants. During WWII, land-grants helped both government and industry by training women in airplane design, drafting, explosives manufacturing, and more. Through recent decades, land-grants continued to address issues of gender and education, fostering important ongoing discussions about women, science, and engineering.
    • Session: 150 Years of Chemistry at Land Grant Institutions: The Past as Prelude to the Future
    • Presenter:
      1. Gary Schuster
      3. Georgia Institute of Technology
      4. United States
    • Paper Title: The Morrill Act as Prologue to Federal Participation in Higher Education and Research
    • Abstract: The goals of higher education may be divided into four epochs that pivot on the Morrill Act. Before the Morrill Act, higher education was foremost private serving elite citizens. This ended in 1862 when Lincoln, spurred by the industrial revolution and its need for an educated "industrial class", committed the federal government to higher education. The epoch of the industrial revolution ended in 1941 with the start of World War II. After the war, the massification of higher education began with the "G.I. Bill". In response to cold war pressures Congress passed the National Defense Education Act leading to the University-based research infrastructure that exists now. The third epoch ended in 1991 with the disintegration of the Soviet Union. Today we strive to extend the legacy of the Morrill Act and redefine the relevancy of higher education in an epoch of constrained federal resources and shifting national priorities.

Thinking Land Grants: A 'Cerebration' of the 150th Anniversary of the Morril Land-Grant Act

Held at the campus of Mississippi State University, October 3-6, 2012
Sponsored by Mississippi State University

Papers and Events

    • October 3
    • Vans leave Hotel Chester at 12:15, 12:30 and 12:45-
      View Library Land Grant Exhibit
    • 1:15-3:00
    • Grisham Room, Mitchell Memorial Library
    • Richard Hirsh, Virginia Tech, "Generating Knowledge and Power: The Role of Land-Grant Colleges in Electrifying America."
    • Kevin Armitage, Miami University, “The Real Solution to the Agricultural Problem”: Nature as Culture in Land Grant University Outreach Programs, 1887-1915."
    • David Hamilton, University of Kentucky, "The Land-Grant Colleges, the New Deal and the Depression Era Farm Crisis."
    • Robert McMath, University of Arkansas, "Sustainable Agriculture and the Land Grant Tradition."
    • 3:30
    • Guide will get you across campus
    • Plenary Address
    • Taylor Auditorium, McCool 124
    • Dr. M. Peter McPherson, President, Association of Public and Land-grant Universities, and former President, Michigan State University.
    • Remarks and Introduction by Dr. Mark Keenum, President, Mississippi State University
    • Vans Back to Hotel Chester
    • Vans Leave Hotel Chester 5:50
    • Dinner
    • CATFISH FRY at the home of Alan and Jean Marcus
      Prepared onsite by Petty's BBQ
    • Vans Return to Hotel Chester
    • October 4
    • Vans Leave for Bost Starting at 8:15
    • 9:00-11:20
    • Bost Theater
    • Karen Senaga "Catfish Image, Catfish Taste: The Land-Grant System and the Development of Catfish Aquaculture in Mississippi."
    • Sara Morris, University of Kansas, “Making Research and Education Possible: Land-Grant Libraries and the Dissemination of Agricultural Literature.
    • Stephanie Fuglaar Statz, University of Houston, “From Fruit Cocktail to Frozen Vegetables: Land Grant Universities and Modern Food Processor.s”
    • Nathan Sorber, West Virginia, "The Curious Cases of John Washburn and Benjamin Flint: A History of the Grange's New England Land-Grant Colleges.
    • Debra Reid, Eastern Illinois University, “Black Populists and Land Grant Colleges: The Politics of Educational Expansion in the Post-Civil War South.
    • 11:30-1:00
    • Luncheon
    • Bost Auditorium
    • Address by Professor Carolyn B. Brooks, Executive Director, Association of Research Directors of 1890 Land Grant Universities, and former Dean, School of Agricultural and Natural Sciences
    • Introduced by Dr. Jerry Gilbert, Provost and Executive Vice President, Mississippi State University
    • 1:10-2:30
    • Bost Theater
    • Amy Slaton, Drexel University, "Race and Ideologies of Difference at the American Land Grants."
    • Gwen Kay, SUNY-Oswego, "Home Economist Students: Past, Present and Future."
    • Scott Gelber, Wheaton College, "Producers and Parasites: The Populist Vision of Curriculum at Land-Grant Colleges, 1880-1900."
    • 2:45-4:30
    • Bost Theater
    • Susan Brooks, Mississippi State University, "Flies, Boll Weevils, and Corn Borers: Insect Rearing for Agricultural Research at Mississippi State University"
    • Melissa Walker, Converse College, "'A Slot Machine Approach to Dispensing Knowledge': New Agrarians and the Land Grant Legacy."
    • Mark R. Finlay, Armstrong Atlantic State University, "Transnational Exchanges of Agricultural Scientific Thought in the Era from Morrill to Hatch."
    • R. Douglas Hurt, Purdue University, “Agricultural History at Land Grant Colleges.
    • Vans Return to Hotel Chester
    • 6:00
    • Banquet
    • Historic Hotel Chester
    • Address by Professor Lee Sommers, Colorado State University & and Chair, ESCOP (Experiment Station Committee on Policy)
    • Introduced by Dr. Greg Bohach, Vice President for Agriculture, Forestry and Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University
    • October 5
    • Vans Leave for McCool Starting at 8:15
    • 9:00-11:20
    • Room 126, McCool Hall
    • Mark Hersey, Mississippi State, "The Practical Phases of Botany": Ecological Research at Land Grant Schools in the Progressive Era.
    • Paul Nienkamp, Fort Hays State University, "Engineering a National Character: Early Land-Grant College Engineering and the Quest for an American Identity in the Late-Nineteenth Century."
    • Alyssa Warrick, Mississippi State, "Uplift to Uncertainty: African American Home Demonstration Agents in Mississippi, 1917-1965"
    • Sarah Phillips, Boston University, “Two Blades of Grass or One? Land-Grant Professors and Postwar Surplus Politics.
    • Jeffrey Schramm, Missouri University of Science & Technology, “Schools, Bureaus and Experiment Stations: the History of Mining Schools in the United States.
    • 11:30-12:40
    • Room 126, McCool Hall
    • Orville Butler, American Institute of Physics, “Guiding the Results of University Research through the Valley of Death: Technology Transfer, Bayh-Dole and the Land Grant Tradition."
    • Alison Greene, Mississippi State University, "Land Grant Expertise and Family Nutrition in Rural Mississippi."
    • Amy Bix, Iowa State University, "The Scrub Lab Versus the Engine Shop: Ideas of Gender, Science, and Technology in the Evolution of Land-Grant Engineering and Home-Economics Programs."
    • Vans Leave for Hotel Chester Immediately Following Session
    • Bus Leaves From Hotel Chester for the Delta at 1 PM
    • 1:00
    • Box Lunch and Delta Tour
    • Bowen Flowers Farm
    • Mattson Gin
    • Dinner in the Delta
    • Hopson Plantation Commissary
    • Address by Professor Walter Buchanan, Texas A & M, and President of the American Society for Engineering Education
    • Introduced by Dr. David Shaw, Vice President for Research and Economic Development, Mississippi State University
    • Blues at Morgan Freeman's Ground Zero
    • Bust Returns to the Hotel Chester
    • October 6
    • Vans Leave for Griffis Starting at 8:15
    • 9:00-11:20
    • The Forum Room, Griffis Hall
    • Roger Geiger, Penn State, “Land-Grant Colleges and the Pre-Modern Era of American Higher Education, 1840–1880.
    • Erinn McComb, Texas A & M-Kingsville, “Taking Off: Aerospace Engineering at America’s Land-Grant Colleges."
    • Valerie Grim, Indiana University, "Black Land Grant Universities and the Struggles of Black People in Rural and Farm Communities: From the New Deal to a Class Action Lawsuit, 1930s-2010s."
    • Hamilton Cravens, Iowa State University, "The Social Sciences in the Land-Grant Institutions, 1915-1945."
    • 11:30-12:50
    • The Forum Room, Griffis Hall
    • Robert Fairbanks, University of Texas at Arlington, “Planning for the Region: Community and Regional Planning in the Twentieth Century Land Grants."
    • David L. Harmon, “Busting at the Seams: Land Grant Colleges and the Challenges of Post-WW II Growth.
    • Anne Effland, Economic Research Service, USDA, “The Economic Research Service and the Land Grant System: Balancing the Local, National, and Global.
    • 1:00-2:15
    • Lunch
    • Griffis Hall
    • Address by Professor Gary L. Myers, Vice President for Academic Affairs and Dean of the Faculty, Young Harris College
    • The Place of the Arts & Sciences College in the Land-Grant University
    • Introduced by Dr. R. Gregory Dunaway, Interim Dean, Arts & Sciences, Mississippi State University
    • 2:20-4:45
    • The Forum Room, Griffis Hall
    • Sally Gregory Kohlstedt, University of Minnesota, "Science and the States: Natural History Surveys and Midwestern Land-Grant Colleges and Universities in the Last Half of the Nineteenth Century."
    • Donald Downs, University of Wisconsin, “The Morrill Act and Military Education: The Years Before ROTC.
    • Micah Rueber, Mississippi Valley State University, “Is Milk the Measure of All Things? Babcock Tests, Land Grant Colleges and Breed Associations, 1890-1920."
    • Robb Campbell, Black Hills State University, "Forest Research and the Land-Grant Schools."
    • Vans Return to Hotel Chester after session
    • Vans to Giesen/Marshall at 6:25
    • 6:30
    • Dinner and Entertainment
    • Home of Anne Marshall and Jim Giesen
Exterior of Morrill Hall at the university of Nevada
Morrill Hall, University of Nevada, Reno
Senator Justin Smith Morrill
Exterior of Morrill Hall at Cornell University
Morrill Hall, Cornell University